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avatar for Prof. Gerhard Chroust

Prof. Gerhard Chroust

Johannes Kepler University Linz
Prof. emeritus
SIG Chair: Resilience 4.0: ICT Support for Human Resilience in Crises and Old Age (see below for more details)

Gerhard Chroust was born in 1941 in Vienna, Austria. He started to study Communications-electronics in 1959 and received a M.A. from the Vienna University of Technology in 1964, a M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1965, and a PhD. from the Vienna University of Technology in 1974.

SIG Chair: Resilience 4.0: ICT Support for Human Resilience in Crises and Old AgeToday humans suffer due to natural disasters or old age. The challenge posed is in improving resilience and antifragility of humans’ health. In analogy to Industry 4.0 we identify a new paradigm: Resilience 4.0 relies on ICT-based support and tools in order to enable an effective and efficient improvement of resilience of human fragility. This approach proves to be considerably different to classical ICT-application, due to the severe uncertainty and lack of information, time and performance pressure exacerbated by physical and psychological stress on all actors.This SIG looks for papers demonstrating methods and approaches which can increase resilience for individuals and societies. Human suffering, grief, and worry caused by natural disasters or by old age are today receiving increased attention because the health of an increasing number of persons is actually or seemingly affected.Strengthening the resilience (or even antifragility) of humans is a necessary but complex interdisciplinary challenge.People often feel helpless and have to rely on external help. Can we do a better job of anticipating, understanding systemically, and mitigating the consequences of crises by combining system thinking, ‘crisis science’ and resilience strategies? We are challenged to find new ways of integrating scientific, technological, cultural, ethical, political, and economic influences in order to alleviate the physical and mental stress of victims.Creating a general understanding of how crises emerge and what their short-time and long-term trajectories are, should lead to appropriate avoidance or mitigation strategies and thus to better health.Information and Communication technology (ICT) offers support by providing adequate tools for analysis (e.g. Big Data), simulation, extrapolation and strategic planning of expected or plausible trajectories.Resilience 4.0 identifies a new paradigm: modern ICT being employed as a basis for improved resilience of systems, providing the basis for quick, effective, and efficient reaction to crises, even promising improved resilience or antifragility for fragile systems.In analogy to Industry 4.0 the power of information interchange, connection and networking by computer technology will be applied. The approaches and methods are considerably different from classical ICT-application due to a wide range of uncertainty and lack of information, complicated by time and performance pressure and the physical and psychological stress on all actors.In this SIG we ask for contributions describing the transformation of individual cases into consistent theories of cause-effects, methods and approaches to help individuals to increase resilience and well-being, using external and internal resources.Format:  Presentation: 20 mins; Q&A: 10 minsKeywords: Resilience, antifragility, emergence, health, well-being, psychology, anticipation, ICT, crises, old age,
From 1966 to 1991 Chroust worked at the IBM Laboratory Vienna. He started working at the Kepler University Linz and the Technical University Vienna in 1975 as Lecturer for Microprogramming. In 1980 he became Assistant Professor in Computer Science, and lectured "Dataflow Mechanisms", "Dataflow Mechanisms" and later "Software Development Process" at the Kepler University Linz, at the University of Klagenfurt and the Technical University of Vienna. From 1992 until 2007 he was Professor for 'Systems Engineering and Automation' at the Kepler University of Linz and Department Head of the Department (in 2004 transferred into an Institute) of Systems Engineering and Automation from 1992 until 2007.[1]
Chroust is Editor-in-Chief of the IFSR Newsletter a.o. Furthermore, he is Chairperson of the Editorial Board of the Book Series of the Austrian Computer Society (OCG), Editorial Board Member of several journals: The Journal of Microprocessors and Microsystems from 1976 until 1985, the IBM Programming Series from 1978 until 1990, the Computer Standards and Interfaces from 1992 until 2005, and Systems Research and Behavioral Science since 1994. In 1997 he was also on the Academic board of the International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics, edited by Charles François.
Further Chroust is organizationally active is as Secretary/Treasurer at the International Federation for Systems Research, Vice-President of the Austrian Society of Cybernetic Studies and Advisor to Austrian Standards Committee.