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SIG Session [clear filter]
Wednesday, August 5
 

13:30 CEST

A Relational View of Systems Process Theory
Speakers
JK

John Kineman

SIG Chair: Relational Science, International Society for the System Sciences
Senior Research Scientist, CIRES, University of Colorado Stellenbosch Research Fellow (2016), Stellenbosch South AfricaAdjunct Professor, Vignan University, Vadlamudi, IndiaPresident (2015-2016), International Society for the Systems Sciences ISSS SIG Chair: Relational ScienceDr... Read More →


Wednesday August 5, 2015 13:30 - 14:00 CEST
Copenhagen 1 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany

14:00 CEST

Implications of a Theory of Emergent Nested Systems

Nested systems and phenomena of emergence are usually treated as separate concepts. I present a first attempt to combine them into a theory of emergent nested systems. Conceptualizing complex systems as emergent nested systems implies that there is real novelty, i.e., novelty that cannot be predicted. This has major implications, e.g., on forecasting and planning in complex systems. Some novelty may be wanted, other novelty may be undesired. How shall we deal with unpredictable novelty?

A further implication of a theory of emergent nested systems  is that nested systems change faster than nesting systems.  Discerning complex systems by their relative frequencies of their activities allows two developments. First, boundaries around ontologically real systems can be objectively drawn. Furthermore, one can see how the relative frequencies of systems relate to their position in the nested systems whole. This, in turn, allows to deduce new ways to effectively influence complex systems in three principle ways. First, one may work within the slowly-changing given rules of a nesting system, second, one may try to break up such rules by fast and alternative activities, or, third, one may try to change the rules of the nesting system directly. Conceptualizing complex systems as emergent and nested is thus relevant for discerning, understanding, and influencing complex systems. Novel approaches, in particular relevant to the applied sciences, informing activities of development in complex systems, such as urban systems, arise from this theory of emergent nested systems. For example, the theory of emergent nested systems helps to better understand the notion of innovation as well as strategies of bottom-up and top-down activities.

 


Presenter / Artist
CW

Christian Walloth

University of Duisburg-Essen
PhD Student


Wednesday August 5, 2015 14:00 - 14:30 CEST
Copenhagen 1 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany

14:30 CEST

Complex Systems Biology and Hegel's Philosophy

In this study I will argue that Hegel’s philosophy has similarity to the self-organization theories of Prigogine and Kauffman and complex systems biology of Kaneko, and is therefore an idea in advance of its times.

In The Philosophy of Nature, Hegel’s interest is in how nature evolves through the mechanism of self-organization. He was writing before Darwin proposed the theory of evolution, and his dialectic is aimed at analyzing and describing development in the logical sense. The important feature of this work is their analysis of the fundamental structures by which order is generated.

Hegel struggled to produce the concept of life from that of matter. He proposed that matter should develop into organism, but only in a logical sense. Nature itself is a system of producing spontaneous order through the random motion of the contingent.

Then Hegel tackles living things. He would like to say that the basis of life is the non-equilibrium self-referential structure. In more modern terminology, we could interpret this as meaning that the first organism emerged from interaction between high polymers. Living creatures exhibit flexibility and plasticity through fluctuations in these elements. Complex systems biology uses a dynamical systems approach to explain how living things acquire diversity, stability and spontaneity.

First, simple single-celled organisms arose through interactions between proteins and nucleic acids. These are the archae-bacteria in modern terminology. Next, the development of eukaryote cells from the prokaryotes is explained by symbiogenesis or endosymbiotic theory.

Then, multicellular organisms appeared. These were networks of cells or systems of selves. They reproduce sexually and necessarily die. The process of individualization is complete. This is just a return to universality. The dynamism between universality and individuality is self-referential. Universality (the first simple prokaryote) becomes individuality (the complex animal), and it then returns to universality (human beings with spirit). Here, it is important to observe that spirit emerges from nature. Nature has the purpose of producing organism from matter and then spirit from organism. It is teleology without theology depending only on contingent and complex systems biology.

Keywords: Hegel, natural philosophy, complex systems biology, the theory of evolution


Presenter / Artist
MK

Mr. Kazuyuki Takahashi

professor, Meiji University
ISSS Regular


Wednesday August 5, 2015 14:30 - 15:00 CEST
Copenhagen 1 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany