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SIG Session [clear filter]
Monday, August 3
 

13:30 CEST

A Viable System Model of Political Parties

Political parties exist in western democracies as a means of reducing variety by formalizing factions and allowing for a more manageable choice for voters. I will be using the system in the United States as an example although comparisons with parliamentary systems will be noted at times.

Political parties are nested hierarchies that proceed from the national committee level down through the state and county/municipality. The rules that govern them range from the formal, such as the rules established by the Federal Election Commission to the informal and sometimes quirky such as the “we don’t want nobody that nobody sent”. Party discipline is far broader and far looser in the United States than it is in a parliamentary system.  Voters usually indicate a party preference when they register to vote although about a third of the electorate now counts itself as ‘independent’.  Depending on the state, independents may or may not be restricted to voting in the general election.  Joining a political party is as easy as checking a box.  In contrast, in parliamentary systems, a minority of voters join a party by paying a subscription fee which allows them to attend the party caucus that nominates candidates for that party.  Party discipline is much stricter in the parliamentary system where the leader and his or her advisors determine the position on a vote and an office holder who votes against the position can be expelled from the party unless the special circumstance of the free vote is in force. In the United States, all votes are free votes. Party discipline is enforced by the party whip but the means used is persuasion, augmented by arm-twisting, horse trading and the occasional threat.

The activities of the five systems of the VSM are not evenly distributed throughout the recursion levels.  For example, the party platform does appear in System Five, but aspects may be ignored or repudiated by individual candidates often without heavy consequences. Most System Four activities are concentrated on winning the next election, although shorter and longer term planning is done and issues are debated for possible inclusion in the platform or for legislative or judicial initiatives. Public relations and strategy also appear here. Systems Three and Three Star adjust resources among activities depending on election cycle calendar and other priorities with System Two coordinating whatever is applicable at the particular recursion level.  System One activities include, again depending on the election cycle calendar, voter registration, candidate training, and fund raising.  All may involve incumbent officeholders and candidates although the particular campaigns are separate organizations.

The VSM analysis will show some strengths and weaknesses of the present system and some possibilities for coordination with like-minded issue groups. 


Moderators
avatar for Dr. Allenna Leonard

Dr. Allenna Leonard

Principal, Complementary Set, Cwarel Isaf Institute
Allenna Leonard is an independent consultant in Toronto who worked with Stafford Beer from the early eighties to his death in 2002. She works with non-profit and business organizations applying cybernetic approaches and models, primarily although not wholly those of Stafford Beer... Read More →

Monday August 3, 2015 13:30 - 14:00 CEST
Stockholm 2 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany

14:00 CEST

A Cyber-Systemic Approach to Explore a Viable Organization for an Electric Vehicle System
Moderators
avatar for Dr. Allenna Leonard

Dr. Allenna Leonard

Principal, Complementary Set, Cwarel Isaf Institute
Allenna Leonard is an independent consultant in Toronto who worked with Stafford Beer from the early eighties to his death in 2002. She works with non-profit and business organizations applying cybernetic approaches and models, primarily although not wholly those of Stafford Beer... Read More →

Speakers
Presenter / Artist
PI

Prof. Isaias Jose Isaias Badillo-PIña

Professor, IPN-ESIME
Didactic introduction to Systems Science
PR

Prof. Ricardo Tejeida-Padilla

Professor, IPN
ISSS Dev


Monday August 3, 2015 14:00 - 14:30 CEST
Stockholm 2 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany

14:30 CEST

Developing Causal Loop Diagrams for Coffee Supply Chain: Supporting to Enhance Competitive Advantages of a Vietnamese Coffee Product
Moderators
avatar for Dr. Allenna Leonard

Dr. Allenna Leonard

Principal, Complementary Set, Cwarel Isaf Institute
Allenna Leonard is an independent consultant in Toronto who worked with Stafford Beer from the early eighties to his death in 2002. She works with non-profit and business organizations applying cybernetic approaches and models, primarily although not wholly those of Stafford Beer... Read More →

Presenter / Artist
avatar for Nam Nguyen

Nam Nguyen

Director (Australia and Southeast Asia, Malik) and Honorary Fellow (Systems Design and Complexity Management, UoA), Malik Management Institute, Switzerland and The University of Adelaide (UoA), Australia
Dr Nam Nguyen is a Director (Australia and Southeast Asia) of Malik Management Institute, Switzerland (one of the world’s leading organizations for holistic, system-cybernetic management, governance, and responsible leadership). He is also a Director of SysPrac Pty Ltd and a co-founder... Read More →
avatar for Professor Ockie Bosch

Professor Ockie Bosch

President, International Society for the Systems Sciences
Professor Ockie Bosch was born in Pretoria, South Africa. He first came to Australia in 1979 where he was an invited senior visiting scientist with the CSIRO in Alice Springs. After one year in Longreach (1989) he emigrated to New Zealand where he was offered a position with Landcare... Read More →
TV

Thich Van Nguyen

Student, The University of Adelaide
ISSS Student


Monday August 3, 2015 14:30 - 15:00 CEST
Stockholm 2 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany

15:00 CEST

Understanding the Management of the Chinese Bank from Systemic Perspectives
Moderators
avatar for Dr. Allenna Leonard

Dr. Allenna Leonard

Principal, Complementary Set, Cwarel Isaf Institute
Allenna Leonard is an independent consultant in Toronto who worked with Stafford Beer from the early eighties to his death in 2002. She works with non-profit and business organizations applying cybernetic approaches and models, primarily although not wholly those of Stafford Beer... Read More →

Presenter / Artist
AP

Ass. Prof. Jae Eon Yu

Assistant Professor, Keimyung University
ISSS Dev


Monday August 3, 2015 15:00 - 15:30 CEST
Stockholm 2 Scandic Berlin Potsdamer Platz, Gabriele-Tergit-Promenade 19, 10963 Berlin, Germany